What are the Principles of Universal Design?
A group of Universal Design advocates from the Center for UniversalDesign at North Carolina State University developed seven principles of Universal Design. These principles can be applied to evaluate existing environments or products, serve as guidelines in the development or renovation of existing environments, and serve to educate consumers and professionals wanting to understand the characteristics of this design approach.
Principle 1 :
Equitable Use - The design is useful and marketable to people with diverse abilities.
Principle 2 :
Flexibility in Use - The design accommodates a wide range of individual preferences and abilities.
Principle 3 :
Simple and Intuitive Use
Use of the design is easy to understand, regardless of the user's experience, knowledge, language skills, or current concentration level.
Principle 4 :
Perceptible Information - The design communicates necessary information effectively to the user, regardless of ambient conditions of the user's sensory abilities.
Principle 5 :
Tolerance for Error - The design minimizes hazards and the adverse consequences of accidental or unintended actions.
Principle 6 :
Low Physical Effort - The design can be used efficiently and comfortably, and with a minimum of fatigue.
Principle 7 :
Size and Space for Approach and Use - Appropriate size and space is provided for approach, reach, manipulation, and use, regardless of the user's body size, posture, or mobility.